What Exactly Is Executive Function?
2. behavior and emotions, and
3. social situations and relationships.
While The StudyPro focuses most directly on learning skills, the behavioral and emotional side have a large effect on learning success (e.g. anxiety that causes avoidance of work, etc.).
Frequently Asked Questions about Executive Function
1. Analyze a task
2. Plan how to address the task
3. Organize the steps needed to carry out the task
4. Develop timelines for completing the task
5. Adjust or shift the steps, if needed, to complete the task
6. Complete the task in a timely way”
Lack of EF skills become most apparent during these times, as there is a jump in workload and school expectations. You can have a student who is doing very well and then all of a sudden, they are showing signs of stress because school expectations have outpaced student readiness and skills.
While they share some of their respective symptoms, there is a definite difference between ADHD and Executive Function Disorder. A child or adult with ADHD might be hyperactive, inattentive, and/or impulsive. Executive Functioning problems involve a pattern of chronic difficulties in executing daily tasks.
The following six clusters of executive functions tend to be impaired in individuals with ADD/ADHD:
1. Activation: organizing tasks and materials, estimating time, getting started.
2. Focus: focusing, sustaining focus, and shifting focus between tasks.
3. Effort: regulating alertness, sustaining effort and processing speed.
4. Emotion: managing frustration and modulating emotions.
5. Memory: using working memory and accessing recall.
6. Action: monitoring/ regulating actions.
Per ADDitude magazine, EFD is often difficult to ignore during the transitions to 6th or 9th grade, when the structure of elementary school disappears, and academic expectations increase. Parents and teachers often don’t get why kids can’t work independently on an assignment, and assume they’ll “pick up” the necessary skills. It’s important to start helping kids with ADHD/EFD early, and acknowledge the problems those disorders cause so that kids don’t feel stupid or lazy.
WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT EXECUTIVE FUNCTION?
Executive Function 101 – Prepared by The National Center for Learning Disabilities
How do I know if my child has executive function issues? – The Child Mind Institute
Executive Function at a Glance – 8 key Executive Functions – Understood.Org
Meet executive function: How to learn in the age of information overload – The Brookings Institution
Activities and Programs That Improve Children’s Executive Functions – NIH
The skills students need to be succeessful in college and the workforce – Ryan Wexelblatt, MSS, LSW
What’s the difference between Executive Function and ADHD?
The 7 Executive Functions thwarted by ADHD – ADDitude Magazine
The new thinking about ADHD and Executive Function – Understood.Org
Is ADHD a behavioral disorder or a cognitive disorder? – ADDitude Magazine
Is it Executive Function disorder or ADHD – The Fettle Genie
How ADHD affects Executive Function in adults and children – ADDitude Magazine